The inhabitants of the hive
In a hive cohabitates three different types of bees, the queen, the drone and the worker.
Here is a short presentation of its inhabitants.
There is one per hive, she is the mother of all bees in the hive, it is estimated that its life span is between 3 and 5 years. Its role in the hive is to ensure social cohesion and deposit eggs at the bottom of the cells. The queen is easily recognized, compared to a worker bee, she is taller but has a finer body.
There may be thousands of them per hive, the drones are the male bees, they are born of unfertilized eggs and are born without sting. Their role is to give their sperm to the queen so that she can lay eggs. They live about 22 days but when food is scarce in the hive, the worker bees kill them.
The worker bees are the most numerous and live from 3 to 5 weeks on average. There may be tens of thousands of colonies. Unlike the queen, they are sterile female bees with roles that vary according to their age within the colony:
- 24 hours after birth they clean cells released from the larvae.
- After 4 days they feed the older larvae.
- After 6 days they feed the young larvae with royal jelly (for less than 3 days when the larvae become queens).
- After 10 days they can ventilate the hive, close the cells, put the nectar and pollen in reserve.
- After 18 days they protect the hive from foreigners and serve as a guide to guide the worker bees through pheromones.
- After 3 weeks until their death they will do their last job and also the most risky. They will forage to collect the pollen and nectar that will be used to make honey.
In her life, the worker bee has worked in 5 trades: cleaners, nannies, builders, babysitters and foragers.
Now, now you know a little better the inhabitants of the hive, think of them when you eat a slice of honey or you will make a course of royal jelly.